Finding Phil – Heenans in New York City ca. 1830

I have been trying to break through a Brick wall for many months (or has it been years). I tracked my Heenan line back to William born 1831-1834 in New York City and Mary Ann Reilly born 1836 in Ireland, and there I got stuck.

Serendipitously, just after Christmas 2018, I was sitting in a Starbucks in Sarasota Florida with my laptop when I happened on a Facebook post from a genealogy group I follow. The person mentioned New York City directories being online at the NY Public Library. Between sips of my mocha latte, with nothing more pressing to do, I took a half-hearted stab at seeing if I could locate some early Heenans.

I reasoned since my GGGF William was born in the early thirties, perhaps there were Heenans in NYC in the early twenties. I brought up the 1920 directory, and viola, there was one Heenan – Philip. Now that was interesting since William’s son, my GGF, was also Philip. Hmm, could be nothing, but at least it wasn’t a James, or Patrick, or Michael!

Philip Heenan in the 1820/21 New York City (Manhattan) Directory

I spent a bunch of hours searching all the directories from the 1780s until 1886 for any Heenans. Philip was the first and only to appear for the first ten years, and his first entry was 1820. I guess I got lucky.

Do You Feel Lucky? Well, Do You?

Now that I had a possible father’s name for William I began digging…well more like foraging for anything related to Heenans, particularly Philip, in the first two decades of the 1800s. I eventually did a search for Philip Heenan of that time period on the site  There were two records. Both were transcriptions of Catholic Church parish marriage registers. I opened the first with a rising sense of excitement. It was the marriage of Philip Heenan to Mary Ann Neil in 1831 in St Patrick Old Cathedral. Nothing firm, but pretty interesting.

As an aside, dedicated on May 14, 1815, St Patrick Old Cathedral was one of the first Roman Catholic churches in New York City. John Connolly, an Irish Dominican friar, became the city’s first resident bishop. It became the spiritual home for many of the city’s burgeoning Irish immigrant population. It was the terminating point of the annual St. Patrick’s Day parade. In 1836, it was the subject of an attack after tensions between the Irish Catholic population and the anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic, nativist “no-nothing” movement boiled over into riots. The Ancient Order of Hibernians established its headquarters across the street from the church cementing its importance to the nascent Irish community.

Saint Patrick’s Old Cathedral

I knew Philip’s son William was married to Mary Ann Reilly in New York City, and I knew they were likely married around 1856 or shortly before as they started having children every few years starting in 1857. Could I be this lucky? I tenuously typed William’s name into the findmypast search boxes and hit enter.

There were eight results with the fourth one being William Robert Heenan married 1856. Steeling myself for the inevitable disappointment, I selected the record. Goldmine!

William Robert Heenan (I already knew him as William R Heenan) married Mary Ann Reilly 27 Apr 1856 in St Alphonsus church. But unlike Philip’s marriage register, this one provided parent’s names…both sets! I now had Philip Heenan and Mary Ann O’Neil as well as Michael Reilly and Catharin Brady. The record also provided Mary Ann’s residence as “Cavin” which I assume is Cavan, Ireland. I now had a full new generation as well as the marriage register entry for one of the sets of parents.

A Tale of Two Philips

Talk about getting  lucky. I am feeling pretty confident that Philip Heenan and Mary Ann O’Neil are my GGGF William’s parents, and therefore my GGGGparents. But interestingly, I have come to believe that the Philip that started me on this quest is not my GGGGF.

The directories that led me to Philip had some things that never completely added up to him being William’s father. Philip first appeared in the directories in 1820. He then appeared in every directory from 1823 through 1828 and then disappeared. In 1832, there was a Sarah Heenan listed as widow of Philip.

I assume the Philip who disappeared just prior to a “Sarah widow of Philip” appearing was Sarah’s husband. Since I am pretty sure William’s mother was Mary Ann, it implies that this was not my Philip

An peripherally related anomaly was that in 1829 (the year Philip disappeared) , there was a John Heenan listed in the directory. John’s addresses for both work and home were the same addresses as Philip. Also, in 1830, there was a Heenan, widow of John. And in 1831, a Sarah Heenan, widow of John.

Here are the entries:

1820 Heenan Philip, smith 29 Gold
1823 Heenan Philip, smith 11 New h. 25 Exchange Place
1825 Heenan Philip, smith 11 New h. 25 Exchange Place
1826 Heenan Philip, smith 11 New h. 25 Exchange Place
1827 Heenan Philip, smith 11 New h. 25 Exchange Place
1828 Heenan Philip, smith 11 New h. 25 Exchange Place
1829 Heenan John, smith 11 New h. 25 Exchange Place
1830 Heenan widow of John 67 Exchange Place
1831 Heenan Sarah widow of John, 67 Exchange Place
1832 Heenan Sarah widow of Philip, 12 Marketfield

I guess anything’s possible, but it seems likely that this Philip died sometime between 1828 and 1832 and was married to a Sarah. While our Philip was married in 1831 to Mary Ann O’Neil. But the first Philip sent me on the path to eventually find mine. I guess it’s true, sometimes it’s better to be lucky than to be good.

I am not sure who the first Philip is. Perhaps he is the father or uncle of my Philip, but I tip my hat, and a pint of Guinness to him.

Early Catholic Churches of New York

A bit of a brick wall with my 2nd GGF William R Heenan. I am pretty sure he was born about 1834 in New York City. So I decided to start looking at Catholic churches that were in existence at that point hoping I could perhaps at some point locate a baptism certificate.  Here is what I found:

Church of St. Joseph in Greenwich Village – St. Joseph’s Parish was founded by Bishop John Dubois in 1829. The church was built in 1833–34.  Early church records indicate that St. Joseph’s first congregants were predominantly Irish-Americans.

St. Mary Church (Grand Street, Manhattan) – Established in 1826 to serve Irish immigrants living in the neighborhood. The church itself was built in 1832-33. Before their sanctuary was built, services were held in a former Presbyterian church on Sheriff Street. The original portion is the second oldest Roman Catholic structure in the city, after St. Patrick’s Old Cathedral, which was built in 1815.

St. Paul Church (New York City) – Located in the East Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan. Bishop John Dubois decided to establish a parish on 117th Street and asked Rev. Michael Curran to take charge. His knowledge of Gaelic served him well among his widely scattered parishioners. The cornerstone of St. Paul’s church was set June 29, 1835. St Paul’s Parish began its existence in 1834 embracing the whole upper area of old New York from New Rochelle to downtown Manhattan. At that time Harlem was little more than a wilderness.

Church of the Transfiguration, Roman Catholic (Manhattan) – The church was built in 1801 in the Georgian style of architecture for the Zion English Lutheran Church, a Lutheran congregation. The building was sold in 1853 to the Roman Catholic Church of the Immigrants parish, which had been founded in 1827 by the Rev. Felix Varela y Morales to minister to the poor Irish in the Five Points.

St. Patrick’s Old Cathedral – Built between 1809 and 1815. The cornerstone of St. Patrick’s was laid on June 8, 1809. Construction took just under five years, with the sanctuary being dedicated on May 14, 1815. In 1836, the cathedral was the subject of an attempted sack after tensions between Irish Catholics and anti-Catholic Know-Nothing nativists led to several riots and other physical confrontations.

St. Peter Catholic Church (Manhattan) – The original church was built in 1785-86. It was used for worship until 1834 when it was replaced by the present structure. FatherWilliam O’Brien was the first pastor. In August 2015 the St. Peter’s parish mergedwith Our Lady of the Rosary.

Side Note: The first New York chapter of the Ancient Order of Hibernians was established in 1836 at St. James Church.

Sligo Ranch War – 1908

Although my maternal grandmother was a Stenson from the Tubbercurry area, I have not found a connection to this John Stenson.

Book sheds light on Riverstown’s ‘Ranch War’

“ON THE outskirts of the village of Riverstown stands a statue, a monument to a 19-year-old man from Tubbercurry named John Stenson.

He was shot at that spot in October 1908 while among those involved in what was known as “a cattle drive”.

Cattle drives were part of an effort at the time to force landlords to relinquish untenanted land for distribution among those in the locality.

Orchestrating this campaign in and around Riverstown was the United Irish League, the activities of which were covered in detail by the local newspapers, including The Sligo Champion.”

John Stenson – Riverstown Martyr